Rebuilding Lower Manhattan with LMDC

Cultural Resources Support for World Trade Center Site and Surrounding Area

AKRF began working for the Lower Manhattan Development Corporation (LMDC) during the design competition for the World Trade Center (WTC) Memorial and Redevelopment Plan and has provided a variety of cultural resource services to the organization since that time.

AKRF prepared an EIS for the East River Esplanade and Piers project, Environmental Assessments for the Fulton Street Corridor Revitalization project and the New York Stock Exchange Security and Streetscape Improvements project, as well as over 25 Environmental Review Records (ERRs) for other projects funded by the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development’s (HUD) Community Development Block Grant (CDBG) program and 15 projects to be funded through LMDC’s Cultural Enhancement Fund Program.

We also prepared ERRs for the rehabilitation and reconstruction of 20 parks and open spaces that are part of the CDBG-funded initiative in response to New York City’s Vision for Lower Manhattan and specifically its focus on open space. 

Our cultural resources work for LMDC has included:

  • Preparing the Coordinated Determination of National Register (NR) Eligibility for the WTC site with input from all the involved agencies. We also compiled an inventory and photographic documentation of the remaining features of the WTC site, documented other historic resources in the project’s Area of Potential Effect, presented findings to the Section 106 consulting parties, and prepared reports for the New York State Historic Preservation Officer (SHPO) under the Programmatic Agreement.
  • Archaeological monitoring for the WTC Vehicular Security Center (VSC) and Tour Bus Parking Facility site. Our archaeologists unearthed remains of a late 18th or early 19th century ship, a rare occurrence in densely-developed Lower Manhattan. We worked swiftly within a highly expedited schedule to record the site and remove the ship for future research and preservation,  allowing time-sensitive construction to continue.
  • Documenting historic resources in the Areas of Potential Effect for East River Esplanade and Piers.  We also prepared or managed the preparation of Phase IA Archaeological Assessments and served as liaison with the SHPO. In addition, we prepared the materials that led to a determination of National Register eligibility for the East River bulkhead and helped to create the Programmatic Agreement that is being used in regard to the historic resources on the project site.
  • Documenting archaeological finds at Burling Slip in the South Street Seaport Historic District. AKRF uncovered and fully documented extensive portions of a NR-eligible late 18th century timber wharf. In consultation with SHPO and the New York City Landmarks Preservation Commission, our team developed measures to mitigate the project’s impact on the wharf, including the creation of signage and educational materials as well as dendrochronological dating of timber samples.
Rebuilding Lower Manhattan


Rebuilding Lower Manhattan


New York City


Lower Manhattan Development Corporation/Port Authority


urban development