Second Avenue Subway

Second Avenue Subway


Second Avenue Subway


New York, NY


MTA New York City Transit (NYCT)


Public Transportation

The New York City Second Avenue Subway will provide much-needed transit service to the East Side of Manhattan. When complete, the new line will extend from 125th Street in Harlem to Lower Manhattan, significantly relieving overcrowding on the East Side’s only existing subway line, the Lexington Avenue line.

Phase 1, which extends the Q train from 57th Street and 7th Avenue across 63rd Street to Second Avenue and then up Second Avenue to 96th Street, recently opened. AKRF is now beginning its work on Phase 2, which will continue the new subway up Second Avenue to 125th Street and then across 125th Street to about Madison Avenue.

AKRF began planning and analysis of this project in 1995, with preparation of a Major Investment Study (MIS) and Draft Environmental Impact Statement (DEIS) that analyzed numerous transit alternatives to improve mobility on the East Side in order to select the alternative considered most feasible, cost-effective, and environmentally beneficial. Building on that work, AKRF led preparation of the Supplemental DEIS and subsequent Final EIS (FEIS) and Section 4(f) Evaluation, prepared on a fast-track schedule. AKRF also prepared New Starts funding documentation in accordance with Federal Transit Administration (FTA) requirements. Following final approval of the project, AKRF has prepared an Environmental Assessment and a number of project re-evaluations in accordance with National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA).

Our work for this includes:

  • Planning in support of conceptual engineering as part of the alternatives analysis, such as the location of stations and storage yards, the layout of terminals, potential locations for barging access on the East River for delivery of construction materials, and the specific alignment of the route in Lower Manhattan.
  • Analysis in accordance with NEPA of the full range of environmental impacts associated with both construction and operation of the subway system, including those at the 16 stations on the 8.5-mile line.
  • Section 4(f) and Section 6(f) evaluation of alternatives to the use of historic resources and parkland.
  • Section 106 evaluation of historic and archaeological resources, consultation with Section 106 consulting parties, and preparation of the project’s Programmatic Agreement to protect historic and archaeological resources.
  • Preparation of Essential Fish Habitat (EFH) evaluation for the East River related to possible barging operations.
  • Evaluation of potential environmental justice impacts in accordance with Executive Order 12898.
  • Ongoing support services related to final design and construction activities as the project proceeds. 

Transportation Initiatives Overview