Cultural Resources Support for World Trade Center Site and Surrounding Area

Rebuilding Lower Manhattan


Rebuilding Lower Manhattan


New York City


Lower Manhattan Development Corporation/Port Authority


Urban Development

AKRF began working for the Lower Manhattan Development Corporation (LMDC) during the design competition for the World Trade Center (WTC) Memorial and Redevelopment Plan and has provided LMDC a variety of cultural resource services for more than a decade.

In addition to the GEIS for the WTC Memorial and Redevelopment Plan, ARKF prepared an EIS for the East River Esplanade and Piers project, Environmental Assessments for the Fulton Street Corridor Revitalization project and the New York Stock Exchange Security and Streetscape Improvements project, as well as over 25 Environmental Review Records (ERRs) for projects funded by the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development Community Development Block Grant (CDBG) program and 15 projects to be funded through the Cultural Enhancement Fund Program. We also prepared ERRs for the rehabilitation and reconstruction of 20 parks and open spaces that are part of the CDBG-funded response to New York City’s Vision for Lower Manhattan.

Cultural resource considerations were an important part of our efforts. Beginning at the WTC site we prepared the Coordinated Determination of National Register Eligibility with input from all the involved agencies. We also compiled an inventory and photographic documentation of the remaining features of the WTC site, documented other historic resources in the project’s Area of Potential Effect, presented findings to the Section 106 consulting parties, and prepared reports for the New York State Historic Preservation Officer under the Programmatic Agreement.

During monitoring at the WTC Vehicular Security Center, our archaeologists unearthed remains of a late 18th century ship, a rare occurrence in densely-developed Lower Manhattan. We assembled a large team and worked on a highly expedited schedule to record the site and remove the ship remnant for preservation and research, allowing time-sensitive construction to continue. We then analyzed the ship's components and associated artifacts and prepared a comprehensive technical report. We continue to manage the preservation of the ship remains and assist LMDC in implementing mitigation options.

Cultural Resources Overview